Monday, June 15, 2020

The Forgotten History of Britain's White Slaves in America

White slavery was first,
so Whites should be paid reparations before Blacks,
especially Black immigrants who flew to USA instead of sailed in slave boats.

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Slavery in North America began with the shipping of more than 300,000 white Britons to the colonies.  

This little known history is fascinatingly recounted in White Cargo 
(New York University Press, 2007).  

Drawing on letters, diaries, ship manifests, court documents, and government archives, 

authors Don Jordan and Michael Walsh detail how thousands of whites endured the hardships of tobacco farming and lived and died in bondage in the New World. 

Following the cultivation in 1613 of an acceptable tobacco crop in Virginia, the need for labor accelerated.  

Slavery was viewed as the cheapest and most expedient way of providing the necessary work force.  

Due to harsh working conditions, beatings, starvation, and disease, survival rates for slaves rarely exceeded two years.  

Thus, the high level of demand was sustained by a continuous flow of white slaves from England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1618 to 1775, who were imported to serve America's colonial masters. 

These white slaves in the New World consisted of street children plucked from London's back alleys, prostitutes, and impoverished migrants searching for a brighter future and willing to sign up for indentured servitude.  

Convicts were also persuaded to avoid lengthy sentences and executions on their home soil by enslavement in the British colonies. 

 The much maligned Irish, 
viewed as savages worthy of ethnic cleansing and despised for their rejection of Protestantism, 
also made up a portion of America's first slave population,
 as did Quakers, Cavaliers, Puritans, Jesuits, and others.

Around 1618 at the start of their colonial slave trade, the English began by seizing and shipping to Virginia impoverished children, even toddlers, from London slums.  

Some impoverished parents sought a better life for their offspring and agreed to send them, but most often, the children were sent despite their own protests and those of their families.  

At the time, the London authorities represented their actions as an act of charity, a chance for a poor youth to apprentice in America, learn a trade, and avoid starvation at home.  

Tragically, once these unfortunate youngsters arrived, 
50% of them were dead within a year after being sold to farmers to work the fields.

A few months after the first shipment of children, the first African slaves were shipped to Virginia.  

Interestingly, no American market existed for African slaves until late in the 17th century. 

 Until then, black slave traders typically took their cargo to Bermuda.  

England's poor were the colonies' preferred source of slave labor, even though Europeans were more likely than Africans to die an early death in the fields.  

Slave owners had a greater interest in keeping African slaves alive because they represented a more significant investment.  

Black slaves received better treatment than Europeans on plantations, as they were viewed as valuable, lifelong property rather than indentured servants with a specific term of service.



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