Sunday, September 30, 2018

coffee tea turmeric arthritis alzheimers dementia cancer


I have used a lot of coffee, tea, and chocolate but other times none at all.

Caffeine seems to build up if I drink over a cup of coffee per day worsens sleep 
and can  heart arrhythmia.

If you drink coffee then blend turmeric, cinnamon, and ginger to the ground coffee.
Turmeric is a proven anti-inflammatory that prevents arthritis, alzheimers, dementia, and cancer  other diseases in both humans and dogs.

Coffee is the highest pesticided food so maybe why cause some of the health problems associated with.  
Use organic coffee.
Coffee benefit studies may be funded by Starbucks

Tea sometimes naturally contains fluorine that is a neurotoxin if grown in soil with fluorine.
Probably not as bad as your water that is fluoridated,
or your toothpaste.

Tea Probably has some other health benefits.  
Green tea probably the best and has less caffeine.    
Very popular world-wide.
Tea is much more popular than coffee and probably healthier.

Chocolate is probably the best choice but I am sensitive to theobromine (that kills dogs) causes arrhythmia.

Overall I do not need these stimulants. 
 I can make turmeric, cinnamon, ginger, and other teas. 
 In the winter.  
In the summer I don't need hot beverages.

However, I am back on coffee as it is the easiest way for me to get lots of spices.

Quality of water is important - no fluorine or chlorine!  
Showers in chemical water is also dangerous.  
Skin is largest organ and absorbs a lot of chemicals.
Swimming pools often chlorine.

organic ocean water and lake water probably the best for swimming.
But swimming a very good activity for elderly even if the water is chlorine.

My ancestors lived 100,000 years in tents in northern Scandinavia near the arctic circle - must have been cold.  
Drank reindeer milk.  
I like milk.  

Is the cat going up or down the stairs in the photo below?   








Saturday, September 29, 2018

Did Maxine Waters' Office Doxx GOP Senators During Kavanaugh Testimony? | Zero Hedge

Did Maxine Waters' Office Doxx GOP Senators During Kavanaugh Testimony? | Zero Hedge

Did Maxine Waters' Office Doxx GOP Senators During Kavanaugh Testimony? | Zero Hedge

Did Maxine Waters' Office Doxx GOP Senators During Kavanaugh Testimony?

The personal information of Republican Senators Lindsey Graham, Mike Lee and Orrin Hatch was posted to Wikipedia Thursday during the hearing of Supreme Court nominee Judge Brett Kavanaugh. 

The information, which included home addresses and phone numbers, was posted to the senators' respective Wikipedia pages where users are allowed to make edits - all of which are logged by Wikipedia and include the editor's IP address.

As a result of the information being made public, Sen. Hatch's wife "has been receiving calls nonstop ON HER BIRTHDAY and their home address was made public," according to Caleb Hull, director of content at the Republican technology firm Targeted Victory. 

The IP address used to "doxx" the Senators was quickly traced back to the House of Representatives... 

10:26 AM - Sep 28, 2018

This is outrageous. Please stop https://twitter.com/burgessev/status/1045439174646599680 

— Raj Shah (@RajShah45)


Friday, September 28, 2018

communist china pig feces poison USA



Carolina hurricanes spilled huge lagoons of crap all over the state.
Catastrophic damage,
germs kill people, 
toxins left in the environment for decades.

Chinese like pork.
Communist dictator gives them pork 
but the pigs are not fed right 
and are injected with hormones antibiotics 
and toxins herbicides pesticides in the grains fed to pigs..
Breeding super germs antibiotic resistant.
Swine flu. etc.
Why don't we let them grow their own pigs and protect our environment and people?

Hams in USA are often injected with sugar and salt to cause addiction, diabetes, high blood pressure.
Plus whatever antibiotics, hormones herbicides, pesticides, are in the meat from improper farming.

Looks like a communist plot to destroy America.
And communists getting rich off our demise
I like some pork
but I don't want to put $ in hands of communists and contribute to this mess.

One could eat organic wild pigs in texas where they are rampant and destroying the environment due to wolf shortage.

communist china pig feces poison USA

Dear Professor Kaufman,

Carolina hurricanes spilled huge lagoons of crap all over the state.
Catastrophic damage,
germs kill people, 
toxins left in the environment for decades.

Chinese like pork.
Communist dictator gives them pork 
but the pigs are not fed right 
and are injected with hormones antibiotics 
and toxins herbicides pesticides in the grains fed to pigs..
Breeding super germs antibiotic resistant.
Swine flu. etc.
Why don't we let them grow their own pigs and protect our environment and people?

Hams in USA are often injected with sugar and salt to cause addiction, diabetes, high blood pressure.
Plus whatever antibiotics, hormones herbicides, pesticides, are in the meat from improper farming.

Looks like a communist plot to destroy America.
And communists getting rich off our demise
I like some pork
but I don't want to put $ in hands of communists and contribute to this mess.

One could eat organic wild pigs in texas where they are rampant and destroying the environment due to wolf shortage.

Fwd: Feminization ? - #MeToo Is Making Colleges Teach Toxic Masculinity 101 - “For some men, they think if they’re not raping anyone, that’s enough. But we’ve seen that it’s not. We need to train men on healthy masculinity at a young age”

Feminization ? - #MeToo Is Making Colleges Teach Toxic Masculinity 101 - "For some men, they think if they're not raping anyone, that's enough. But we've seen that it's not. We need to train men on healthy masculinity at a young age"

#MeToo Is Making Colleges Teach Toxic Masculinity 101

#MeToo Is Making Colleges Teach Toxic Masculinity 101

Campus programs educating male students about 'toxic masculinity' report fresh energy and interest since the #MeToo movement began.



Garrett Robinson is a senior at Brown University, and a running back for the Brown Bears. Late last month, he co-led a mandatory training for freshman players, but it wasn't about their skills on the football field.

He taught them about the dangers of being domineering off the field, that it's OK to ask for help, and to watch the locker room talk.

Robinson is a peer educator in the Masculinity 101 program at Brown, which aims to help men lead healthier lives by addressing harmful norms of masculinity.

He has led similar workshops in the past, but this year was different.

"There were a few sarcastic responses playing into stereotypes of what you'd expect around this topic," Robinson said, "but mostly, people were more engaged and understood it was serious."

Brown's program is part of a growing trend on campuses to address "toxic masculinity," a term generally defined as elements of masculinity that encourage dominance and prevent men from showing emotion.

(L to R) Kenari and Garrett Robinson.

Nick Dentamaro for Brown University

Some experts identify this as a root cause of #MeToo issues. They say it can lead to self-detrimental, sexist and sometimes violent behavior, including sexual assault.

The behavior and attitudes of young men at educational institutions is under particular scrutiny as prospective Supreme Court justice Brett Kavanaugh faces accusations of sexual impropriety dating back to his high school years.

"For some men, they think if they're not raping anyone, that's enough. But we've seen that it's not. We need to train men on healthy masculinity at a young age"

Many of the programs on campuses report new energy since the #MeToo movement began, while some unlikely campuses have addressed the issue for the first time because of #MeToo.

Neil Irvin is the executive director of Men Can Stop Rape, a non-profit that runs training for men, including on college campuses, on stopping sexual assault. He said it's crucial that men break down harmful norms of masculinity.

"For some men, they think if they're not raping anyone, that's enough. But we've seen that it's not. We need to train men on healthy masculinity at a young age," Irwin said.

When Robinson was a freshman at Brown, he attended a masculinity workshop for football players as part of a new effort there to unlearn toxic masculinity.

He was shocked by what he heard.

"Football is a very masculine sport," Robinson said. "So to hear things that I accepted as normal being challenged, like players insulting each other by saying they 'play like a girl,' made me want to get involved."

The masculinity program is led by Marc Peters, assistant director for campus engagement and community dialogue, whom the university brought on in 2014 to address masculinity issues.

Peters explains to men that treating others well starts in small ways, like how they talk, and that it's worth doing for their own growth and relationships, not just to benefit others.

His message spoke to Robinson, who quickly got involved with the program as a peer educator.

In 2016, the masculinity program significantly expanded. Guided by Peters, Robinson and a few other students created a curriculum, Pedagogy Against the Patriarchy, to expand and codify their work in order to educate other men's groups outside of football.

The demand for trainings grew last spring, moving beyond sports teams to other men's groups, like men's acapella and Ultimate Frisbee, but also to co-ed groups.

Kiana Philips, a residential peer leader on campus, brought Robinson to her dorm to co-lead a training for men and women after she noticed some men being domineering and disrespectful to women, particularly one man touching a female student in unwelcome ways.

"Brown is a progressive school, but not everyone here is active in the conversation"

"The workshop had us grapple with, do you ever have to think about walking safely at night, being interrupted, what you should wear to be taken seriously," Philips said. "It helped men understand privilege, and the women in the room could give feedback"

Philips said she noticed improved behavior from men afterward, but the man who had touched the female student didn't attend. "Brown is a progressive school, but not everyone here is active in the conversation," she said.

At University of Wisconsin-Madison, such peer trainings are run by men and women. Their program, Men Against Sexual Assault, is run by a woman, Colleen Whitley, a senior at the school and a survivor of sexual assault.

"It's really important to have both men and women lead training," Whitley said. "Men need to hear different perspectives. All women have experienced toxic masculinity, whether assault or microaggressions."

She said her group's sessions focus on survivor support, but also discuss the root causes.

"We look at how toxic masculinity contributes to sexual assault," Whitley said. "We also look at the continuum of harm, like pornography, which is often violent toward women, or just whistling at a woman on the street," she said.  

She said that since #MeToo emerged, she's noticed more interest in the conversation, but also more fear from men, something Peters, the Brown administrator, also reports.

"More men are interested in learning what constitutes sexual assault and what toxic behavior looks like," Whitley said. "But 

Re: Health book

Dear Professor Kaufman,

Keep the book and disk as long as you want.
Or pass it on to another survivalist.
I figure if I try to live as long as I can, what do I have to lose?
At least if I can keep my senses and vote!
A lot of stuff I disagree with so at least I can vote against it.
Maybe write some articles or books against it.

That disk is a bunch of radio shows I wish I discovered sooner numerous authors discussing health topics.
That is all the radio I listen to nowadays.
I don't have a TV.

I do read newspapers in the library where I cannot be tracked and spied on.
Most electronics iI do not trust.
Huge numbers of books in the library I need to read too.
I bought stacks but have trouble organizing too many papers at home.
So I go to 1 or 2 libraries daily.
Let workers keep stuff organized for me.

Thursday, September 27, 2018

What Brett Kavanaugh teaches us about teenage boys and male power....

She can be a slut
then years later claim it was rape 
to feel good like a saint not a slut.
Psycho.

Kids in "elite" prep schools are there because their parents stole something and got rich enough to pay the tuition.
They are evil by nature and will lie, cheat, and steal - just like their parents.
Sometimes they learn something,
usually not.
They often go into law or politics.
Sluts, mean girls, addicts, queers, all common in these schools and into the expensive colleges that they often go after prep school.
Amazing how low their test scores are after all the money spent on their education.
Then they don't learn much in college.
Why they go into law, politics, talking heads on TV the worst.

NYC lacks a good engineering college, amazing for such a large city.
Most of the east coast is under-engineered.
Why smart ones moved to California for the large high quality engineering colleges.
Decades ago.  
By the 1960s California was the best for tech.
Now Texas is replacing California.
Getting crowded overpopulated.

Texas will turn blue as did California.
Import huge numbers of poor greedy socialists and liberals from all over the world.
Liberals cannot create industries, business or even maintain what they inherited.
but they can reproduce like rabbits (if not queer) 
and vote, protest, demonstrate, antifa,
and do unskilled labor sometimes.

Remember Southern California was Nixon, Reagan, Republican military industrial complex in the 1950s 1960s.
Some parts still conservative but degenerate offspring lost work ethic.
But Texas better now economically.
Texas has worse weather but has air conditioning.
Just watch out for smog, herbicides, pesticides, allergies, etc.
Traffic jams sitting position kills.
Higher altitude Lubbock, Amarillo, El Paso probably less smog better air
but not as good economy as the triangle Dallas Fort Worth San Antonio Houston Galveston beach.

Retirees not working probably better off on Florida Beaches quality health care and elder care.
or Hawaii the best if you are healthy.
or Rocky Mountain High Colorado Wyoming if lungs are your weakness.

The dead cannot vote.
Priority should be staying alive - it is not easy.
Takes a lot of study and work and move to the best geographical location.
Huge differences in health and death rates in different geographical locations for many reasons.
Location, location, location the key.

If time left over then study politics.
But your vote will be drowned out by the masses of idiots 
educated electronically by the liberal news media 
that is being more and more dominated by elites
 controlling your disinformation tracking electronic devices.

Fortunately the elites concentrated on stealing from each other cancel each other out a lot of the time.
Why Abraham Lincoln said you can't fool all of the sheeple all of the time.

----------------------------

Re: What Brett Kavanaugh teaches us about teenage boys and male power............
Boys will be Boys...unless reforming society to be dominated [against nature] by women ?

 Dominatrix change, to be fair, SJW ? (Pantoffelhelden Gesellschaft ?)
(Muscle up women, grow a penis !)

Michael,
You are being conditioned to accept Sharia Law in the future. 

Separation of the sexes in all institutions !
 (But male dominance, as in millennia, won't really change)

 After 36 years, to find an excuse [women lib, me too, hate for men] to OBSTRUCT a good man for this important position,

  who will liberate this country again from the 1% ruling Mafia-Elite,
 [locking in the values of our constitution]  is evil.

This smear campaign  is a delaying tactic [dirty trick] to sabotage the nominee, hoping to create a CIRCUS [twilight zone] until after the election, wishing for a 'blue wave' to save the Supreme Court Seat, for a Liberal, anti Constitution, pro Mafia, Socialist Justice.

As Hillary hoped, to take away American Sovereignty [open borders] giving the Cabal/Globalists full power for PNAC/NWO, 
dismantling our Constitution with gun control, 
enslaving us for a One-World-Government. 
(Tyranny, Totalitarian-Dictatorship)




Billionaire Bloomberg eyes 2020 presidential run as a Oligarch for the Left-Democrats The Guardian
https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/aug/10/bloomberg-eyes-2020-presidential-run-as-a-democrat-but-can-a-centrist-unite-the-party



Lothar

On Sep 26, 2018, at 15:04, Dr.Michael wrote:

This is not only about Kavanaugh.
 It is about the silencing of women while decisions are made for us – and about us.
It is about power; 
God forbid the nutty and the slutty – as all women are ultimately perceived – should speak the truth in these televised hearings. 

Women voters will watch this though. And they will watch, carefully, the men in charge who get to decide who to believe – and who to silence

 

 

Michael


Wednesday, September 26, 2018

Fwd: aspirin

Dear Professor Kaufman,

The Federal Reserve has been a looney bin since Obama Bernanke.  Actually goes back to Greenspan double bubble. Not getting any better.

Massive monetary stimulus since the 2008 crash QE quantitative easing.  They injected huge cash $$ by absorbing crap paper derivatives etc.  

I think the rich 1% figured out how to steal that money and use it for laundering money, drugs, illegal aliens, prostitutes, refugees, guns, arms,...

And are importing every crook in the world into NYC, LA, Miami, San Francisco.  Who inflate the cost of living in those cities and boost housing prices while poor negroes shoot each other and get shot by cops and white trash die of drug overdoses made in China, degenerative diseases, suicide, junk food diseases, air pollution, etc.  That is why they voted for Trump - too little, too late?

USA is crashing, $ stolen being used and reserve currency by crooks around the world, too little in USA, jobs shipped abroad.

I think the dollar should be replaced by new dollars and all overseas money should be cancelled and seized.   Only citizens and taxpayers should be allowed to hold new dollars.  most of old dollars are due as taxes not paid by the money launderers and crooks.  Throw all the crooks in jail permanently or ship them back to their home countries as refugees.

US$ should be for USA citizens only.

Be like Japan - ban all immigration.  
Japanese live longer because no stress from illegal aliens.
  

New subject: Have you been watching the Fed lately? I am somewhat lost in
what the hell they are doing. Noticed that they are not following Bernanke's
model nor do they seem to agree on anything. This is damned dangerous with
the amount of cash floating around out there from previous stimulus events.
I have not checked the Fed Reserve Report recently, but from its history,
II recall a huge influx of money supply several years ago. It does not seem
to have taken effect yet, and wondering when the other shoe is going to
drop. The Fed has done nothing to mop up the overage. Where is Milton
Friedman when we need him? Anyway, what do you think?

aspirin

Dear Professor Kaufman,

I have read that aspirin has many good effects
But bleeding stomach ulcers a common side effect.
Probably too dangerous.
Any bad effects I would avoid it.

Then the problem is how to deal with arthritis.
Prevention and cure is better than dealing with the pain.
Some pain killers may be tolerable - can use trial and error until find a good solution.

I worry that most aspirin and pain killers are made in Communist China.
Most are contaminated, poor quality control, maybe on purpose.
So I avoid pills and medicines.
I try diet and exercise strategies.

A cure would be better.
I am studying arthritis prevention.
I did get hand arthritis painful 5 years ago from mosquito bites that caused a red meat allergy.
I stopped red meat for 2 years and the arthritis went away as my immune system killed off the virus bacteria or what was causing arthritis.
Now I can eat anything.
Then I got a tick bite.
I thought I was getting hip arthritis this fall but 2 days ago completely went away.
I quit milk and went to more fruit juice and vitamins.

Arthritis is a complicated many cause disease.
But often attributable to diet, sugar, flour, infections, insect bites, etc.
And lack of exercise.
All joints need frequent motion to distribute fluids, nutrients, and flush out germs, debris, etc thru circulation and the lymph system.

It is a trial and error process of changing things until the cause gets removed.
Doctors are not much help as they lack training in cooking and exercise, usually.

Hi Joe:
Sorry that I have not gotten back to you sooner but have had family
involvements. I have been on an aspirin kick for many years and not without
some consequences. Several years ago I had a bleeding ulcer from it and had
to relenquish that habit. None the less, my arthritus pain meant to take
something and since then have limited my intake to 1000 units per day max.
It seems that I can take that much without consequences, usually backed by
no more than 3000 units of Tylenol. I am convinced there is some kind of
magic fto aspirin and my son, a doctor, agrees, but doesn't know what it
is.that seems to help the body. I always feel much better taking it.

New subject: Have you been watching the Fed lately? I am somewhat lost in
what the hell they are doing. Noticed that they are not following Bernanke's
model nor do they seem to agree on anything. This is damned dangerous with
the amount of cash floating around out there from previous stimulous events.
I have not checked the Fed Reserver Report recently, but from its history,
II recall a huge influx of money supply several years ago. It does not seem
to have taken effect yet, and wondering when the other shoe is going to
drop. The Fed has done nothing to mop up the overage. Where is Milton
Friedman when we need him? Anyway, what do you think?
Rich Kaufman

Found info on Telomeres.
The popular book is in most libraries and bookstores.

Most disease is diet, exercise, lifestyles that damage genes, chromosomes.
The ends of the chromosome are sealed by telomeres that are
like the end of shoestrings are sealed by plastic, glue,….

Stress,
bad diet,
lack of exercise,
lack of sleep
will shrink your telomeres so damage your genes, chromosomes,… health.
Parents pass on broken genes to their offspring.

Downloaded the podcast

Exercise more - try dozens of different sports, several per day.

https://www.peoplespharmacy.com/store/radio-shows/show-1073-what-is-the-telomere-effect/

Why do some people appear to age more rapidly than others?
Not only might they look older, they actually feel older as well.

A check of their telomeres indicates that they are aging more rapidly at the
cellular levels.

Their telomeres are shrinking.

Small telomeres foretell a shortened health span.

So what is a telomere?

This is the term for the noncoding DNA that appears at the end of each
gene-bearing chromosome like the plastic tip at the end of a shoelace.

And, like that shoelace tip, the telomere protects the chromosome as it does
its work.

Telomeres are tiny to start with, and they get shorter with each cell
division.

Telomeres have an important impact on health, but conversely, lifestyle
makes a big difference for telomeres.

Some of the ways we live shorten them more quickly, while others can
actually help them grow longer.

WHAT IS THE TELOMERE EFFECT?

How do telomeres respond to stress?
(They don't like it.)
Inflammation can make them shrink, as well.

Exercise helps them grow longer even as it strengthens your muscles.
Find out how
mindfulness,
meditation and a

Mediterranean diet can affect your telomeres and your healthspan

Footnotes to Plato is creating essays and podcasts on general philosophy & practical Stoicism | Patreon

How
To
Be
A
Stoic

Massimi
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German Refugees Do Not Event Know their Birth Dates | Armstrong Economics

Probable invaders. 

Move them back to their homeland shithole countries. 

UN send in Africans to fix those countries. 

German Refugees Do Not Event Know their Birth Dates | Armstrong Economics

Tuesday, September 25, 2018

Vegetarianism by country

The soon to be largest country is the most vegetarian.  
For thousands of years. 
Billions of people. 
Without immigration. 
Natural reproduction. 
Proven in both India and China. 
Chinese eat too much pigs dogs snakes frogs scorpions land lobsters .... etc. not kosher. But
Very tasty. 
So India winning the population bomb by more strict adherence to vegan. 

You will be stronger and healthier as 99% vegan
If you learn proper cooking. 
Smarter and richer too
Indians very common in tech banks MD health engineering professions. 

First page
of the bible 
Eat nuts seeds grains. 
Plant based diet. 
Roman meal wheat built the empire. 
Basis of Kosher Halal
Etc. 
mediterranean diet what they call it now. 
Trendy and healthy. 
Go to gym and talk to experts. 
My RD manager big pile of fruit on his desk and vegan powders. 


Vegetarianism by country

A vegetarian thali from Rajasthan, India. Since many Indian religions promote vegetarianism, Indian cuisine offers a wide variety of vegetarian delicacies.
Buddhist influenced Korean vegetarian side dishes.

This article deals with vegetarianism and veganism by country, comparing the prevalence of vegetarianism and veganism in each country when sources are available by the number of vegetarians and vegans, and listing food standards, laws and general cultural attitudes.

Some countries have strong cultural or religious traditions that promote vegetarianism, such as in India, while in other countries secular ethical concerns dominate, including animal rights and environmental protection, along with health concerns. In many countries, food labeling laws make it easier for vegetarians to identify foods compatible with their diets.[1]

DemographicsEdit

Vegetarianism as a percentage of the population
Color coded map indicating vegetarianism as a percentage of the population

Reliable data is lacking due to a lack of polling and the varying definitions of vegetarianism and veganism used in the polls. For example, the latest US poll defines "vegan" according to diets that exclude meat, eggs and dairy, rather than following the accepted definition[citation needed] of veganism as avoiding all animal products as far as possible including honey and clothing. Other polls, like the latest Australian poll, place strict vegetarians and those who follow "almost" vegetarian diets in the same category, while this poll and many others measure only vegetarianism and neglect to include veganism in the poll. Many poll results are contradicted by other poll results from the same country despite similar publication dates, implying a wide margin of error.[2]

A study from 2010[3] estimated that there are 1,45 billion vegetarians of necessity and another 75 million of choice. They make approximately 21.8% of the world's population.

CountryVegetarian diet (%) (includes vegan diet)Approx. no. of individualsData set yearVegan diet (%)Approx. no. of individualsData set yearNote
 Argentina5%2,150,0002017[4]
 Australia11%2,100,0002016[5]2010[6]As of March 2016, 11.2% of people living in Australia agreed that "The food I eat is all, or almost all, vegetarian."
 Austria9%765,0002013[7]
 Belgium10.0%1,130,1772016[8]
 Brazil14.0%29,260,0002018[9]3.03%[10]6,330,6602018[9][10]Vegan percentage derived from vegan and vegetarian respondents only,[10] due to access bias, and calculated on top of IBOPE's survey[9]
 Canada9.4%3,411,0002016[11]2.3835,0002016[12]
 China4% – 5%54,428,000 – 68,035,0002013[13]
 Czech Republic1.5%235,0002003[14]
 Denmark4%220,0002011[15]
 Finland2%108,000 – 329,0002011[16]2015[17]0.5%27,0002013[18]% of vegans only an estimation
 France5.0%3,300,0002018[19]0.25%160,0002018[20]
 Germany10%8,000,0002018[21]1.6%1,300,0002018[22]
 India31% - 42%[23]500,000,000[24][25]2018[26]27%According to the 2006 Hindu-CNN-IBN State of the Nation Survey, 31% of Indians are vegetarian, while another 9% also consume eggs (ovo-vegetarian).[27]
 Israel13%1,046,0002015[28][29]5%421,0002014[28][29]
 Italy7.1% –10%4,246,0002009[30]2015[31]0.6% – 2.8%400,000 – 1,680,0002015[31][32]
 Japan4.7%18,370,3002014[33]2.7%5,875,0002014[33]
 Latvia3% – 5%60,000 – 100,0002013[34]estimation
 Mexico19%23,370,0002016[35]9%11,070,0002016[36]
 Netherlands5.0%800,000

2016[37]2017[38]

0.5%82,0002017[39]
 New Zealand10.3%463,5002016[40]
 Norway2% – 4%100,000 - 200,0002004[41]0.2% – 0.4%10,000 - 20,0002004estimation
 Poland8%3,072,0002016[42]7%2,688,0002016[43]
 Portugal1.2%120,0002017[44]0.6%60,0002018[45]survey conducted by marketing research firm Nielsen Corporation
 Russia3% – 4%4,380,000 – 5,840,0002014[46][47]
 Slovenia1.4% – 1.6%28,922 – 33,0542007/2008[48]0.3% – 0.5%6,197 – 10,3292007/2008[48]Age group: 18-65; a representative sample; unbiased data (survey conducted by National Institute of Public Health); new data will be available soon (2018/2019/2020).
 South Korea1.0%500,0002011[49][50]
 Spain1.5%697,0002017[51]0.2%93,0002017[51]adult population
 Sweden10%969,0002014[52]4%388,0002014[52]Based on a 1000 person telephone survey.
  Switzerland14%1,176,1562017[53]3%252,0332017[53]
 Taiwan14.0%3,297,011

2015[54]2016[55]2017[56]

 Thailand3.3%2,300,000

2015[57]2016[58]2017[59]

 United Kingdom7.00%3,250,0002018[60]1.16%600,0002018[61]Although other surveys claim higher numbers (e.g. 7% vegan, 14% veg), the Vegan Society statistics are more reliable - see ref.[62]
 United States5.0% -8.0%12,646,000 - 20,233,0002018[63]3%7,588,0002018[63]"Results for this Gallup poll are based on telephone interviews conducted July 1-11, 2018, with a random sample of 1,033 adults, aged 18 and older, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia."[63]

AfricaEdit

The prevalence of strict ethical vegetarianism in Africa is reported to be low since most of the traditional food consists of meat,[64] while scientific polls are lacking. Countries in North Africa have a tradition of cooking in a vegetarian style, with MoroccoAlgeriaLibya and Tunisia being particularly connected with this type of cooking which includes couscous and spiced vegetables.[65] Indian immigrants to Africa, particularly in South Africa, brought vegetarianism with them which has been documented as far back as 1895 in Natal Province.[66] Also, some African countries, for example Egyptand Ethiopia, have regular weekly and special periods of religious fasting requiring observance of a vegetarian diet.[64][67]

AsiaEdit

IndiaEdit

Vegetarian mark: Mandatory labeling in India to distinguish vegetarian products (left) from non-vegetarian ones (right).

In 2007, UN FAO statistics indicated that Indians had the lowest rate of meat consumption in the world.[68] India has more vegetarians than the rest of the world put together.[69] In India, vegetarianism is usually synonymous with lacto vegetarianism. Most restaurants in India clearly distinguish and market themselves as being either "non-vegetarian", "vegetarian", or "pure vegetarian". Vegetarian restaurants abound, and many vegetarian options are usually available. Animal-based ingredients (other than milk and honey) such as lardgelatin, and meat stock are not used in the traditional cuisine. India has devised a system of markingedible products made from only vegetarian ingredients, with a green dot in a green square. A mark of a brown dot in a brown square conveys that some animal-based ingredients (meat, egg, etc.) were used. Products like honey, milk, or its direct derivatives are categorized under the green mark.[70]

According to the 2006 Hindu-CNN-IBN State of the Nation Survey, 31% of Indians are vegetarian, while another 9% also consume eggs (ovo-vegetarian).[27] Among the various communities, vegetarianism was most common among the BrahminsLingayatVaishnav CommunityJain community, and, less frequent among Muslims (3%) and residents of coastal states. Other surveys cited by FAO[71]and USDA[72][73] estimate 40% of the Indian population as being vegetarian. These surveys indicate that even Indians who do eat meat, do so infrequently, with less than 30% consuming it regularly, although the reasons are mainly cultural.[73] In states where vegetarianism is more common, milk consumption is higher and is associated with lactase persistence. This allows people to continue consuming milk into adulthood and obtain proteins that are substituted for meat, fish and eggs in other areas.[74][75]An official survey conducted by the Government of India, with a sample size of 8858 and the census frame as 2011, indicated India's vegetarian population to be 28-29% of the total population.[76]Compared to a similar survey done almost a decade earlier, India's vegetarian population has increased.[77]

According to a 2014 survey released by the registrar general of India, Rajasthanhas the highest fraction of vegetarians: 74.9%. Other states with vegetarians include Haryana (69.25%), Punjab(66.75%), Gujarat (60.95%), Madhya Pradesh (50.6%), Uttar Pradesh(47.1%), Maharashtra (40.2%), Delhi(39.5%), Jammu & Kashmir (31.45%), Uttarakhand (27.35%), Karnataka(21.1%), Assam (20.6%), Chhattisgarh(17.95%), Bihar (7.55%), Jharkhand (3.25%), Kerala (3.0%), Orissa (2.65%), Tamil Nadu (2.35%), Andhra Pradesh(1.75%), West Bengal (1.4%), and Telangana (1.3%).[78]

The recent growth in India's organized retail sector has also been hit by some controversy, because some vegetarians are demanding meat-free supermarkets.[79]

In 2016, Ministry of Tourism, Government of India, announced the decision to provide students, at a few of the Institutes of Hotel Management, Catering Technology and Applied Nutrition (IHMCTANs), the option to choose only vegetarian cooking. These IHMCTANs are located at Ahmedabad, Bhopal and Jaipur. In 2018, the National Council for Hotel Management and Catering Technology (NCHMCT) announced that all IHMCTANs will be offering a vegetarian option from 2018 onwards[80][81][82].

A 2018 study from Economic and Political Weekly by US-based anthropologist Balmurli Natrajan and India-based economist Suraj Jacob suggests that the percentage of vegetarians may be closer to 20%; the study argues that meat-eating behavior is underreported because consumption of meat, especially beef, is "caught in cultural, political, and group identity struggles in India".[83]

ChinaEdit

In China, consumption of meat is rapidly increasing while a small but growing number of young people in large cities are vegan.[13] An estimated 4 to 5 percent of Chinese are vegetarian.[13] However, in a survey conducted by SJTU researchers, only 0.77 percent of respondents labeled themselves vegetarian.

Native Chinese, generally falling under the label of Taoism (though this tends to confuse the native religion with the Daoist school of philosophy, represented by Laotzu, Chuangtzu, and others), is a form of animism. Similar to Shintoism in Japan, though the killing and eating of animals is not forbidden, it is considered impure.

Classical Chinese texts pointed to a period of abstinence from meat before undertaking matters of great importance or of religious significance.

With the influx of Buddhist influences, vegetarianism became more popular, but there is a distinction—Daoist vegetarianism is based on a perception of purity, while Buddhist vegetarianism is based on the dual bases of refraining from killing and subduing one's own subservience to the senses. Because of this, two types of "vegetarianism" came to be—one where one refrained from eating meat, the other being refraining from eating meat as well as garlic, onions, and other such strongly flavored foods. This Buddhism-influenced vegetarianism has been known and practiced by some since at least the 7th century.

The early 20th century saw some intellectuals espousing vegetarianism as part of their program for reforming China culturally, not just politically. The anarchist thinker Li Shizeng, for instance, argued that tofu and soyproducts were healthier and could be a profitable export. Liang Shuming, a philosopher and reform activist, adopted a basically vegetarian diet, but did not promote one for others. In recent years, it has seen a resurgence in the cities among the emerging middle class.[84]

IsraelEdit

A study by the Israeli Ministry of Healthin 2001 found that 7.2% of men and 9.8% of women were vegetarian. Although vegetarianism is quite common, the actual percentage of vegetarians in Israel may be lower — the Israeli food industry estimated it at 5%.[85] In 2010, one study found that 2.6% of Israelis were vegetarians or vegans.[86]

According to a 2015 poll by the newspaper ''Globe'' and Channel 2, 8% of the Israeli population were vegetarians and 5% were vegans. 13% consider turning vegan or vegetarian. Tel Aviv beat out BerlinNew York and ChennaiIndia as U.S. food website The Daily Meal's top destination for vegan travelers.[86][87]

JapanEdit

According to a 2014/12 survey 4.7% of the Japanese population are vegetarian or vegan (2.7% vegan). NOTE: The referenced web survey included 1,188 valid responses and is not representative of the population of Japan.[33]

MalaysiaEdit

A vegetarian restaurant in JohorMalaysia.

Vegetarian diets are categorized as lacto vegetarianismovo-lacto vegetarianism, and veganism in general. The reasons for being vegetarian include influence from friends and family members, concern about global warming, health issues and weight management, religion and mercy for animals, in descending order of significance.[88]

SingaporeEdit

Rice, mushrooms, vegetables are some of the dietary staples, mixed with a rich variety of spices, coconut, lime and tamarind. Buddhist Chinese monastics are vegetarians or vegans. Singapore is also the headquarters of the world's first international, vegetarian, fast food chain, VeganBurg.[89] The bigger communities of vegetarians and vegans in Singapore are Vegetarian Society(VSS) and SgVeganCommunity. Vegetarian and vegan places have an active role in the gastronomy of Singapore.

TaiwanEdit

In Taiwan, 1.7 million people, or 13% of the population of Taiwan, follow a vegetarian diet at least some of the time.[90][91] There are more than 6,000 vegetarian eating establishments in Taiwan.[92] The country's food labelling laws for vegetarian food are the world's strictest, because around 2 million Taiwanese people eat vegetarian food.[93] A popular movement of "one day vegetarian every week" has been advocated on a national level,[94] and on a local level, even government bodies are involved, such as the Taipei City Board of Education.[95]

ThailandEdit

In Thailand, 2.3 million people, or 3.3% of the population of Thailand, follow a vegetarian diet at least some of the time.[96] There are more than 908 vegetarian eating establishments in Thailand.[dead link][97]].

EuropeEdit

The definition of vegetarianism throughout Europe is not uniform, creating the potential for products to be labelled inaccurately.[1]

AustriaEdit

According to a study of ISEF[98] from 2013 (n=500), 9% of Austrians are vegetarian or vegan.

BelgiumEdit

Since May 2009, Belgium has had the first city in the world (Ghent) with a weekly "veggie day".[99]

DenmarkEdit

According to a survey by Coop Analyse published in June 2011, just under 4% of Danes considered themselves either vegetarians or vegans.[15]

FinlandEdit

There is no recent data about amount of vegetarians or vegans in Finland. In 2015, according to a survey by meat producers' association Lihatiedotusyhdistys, 6% of the population, or 329,000 people, did not eat meat.[17] In 2014, the percentage was 5%; it was 10% among 25–34 year old people. The survey did not ask about eating fish.[100] Otherwise, it is estimated that 2–3% of Finns are vegetarians[16] and 0.5% vegans.[18] By combining the data of three surveys (a sample of 24,000 people) published in 2008, 3.3% of Finns identified themselves vegetarians but only 0.66% actually followed a vegetarian diet. 1.4% ate fish but not meat. 0.18% were vegans or lacto-vegetarians.[101]

In most of the cities's schools the students are offered two options, a vegetarian and a non-vegetarian meal, on four school days a week, and one day a week they have a choice between two vegetarian meals, for grades 1 to 12. In secondary schools and universities, from 10 to 40 percents of the students preferred vegetarian food in 2013.[102][103] Vegetarianism is most popular in secondary art schools where in some schools over half of the students were vegetarians in 2013.[104]

FranceEdit

Studies in the 1990s showed that one million French (1.5% of the total population) called themselves vegetarians, although more recently this number has reportedly increased to 2%.[105]

GermanyEdit

According to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, Germany has over six million vegetarians.[106] A survey conducted by Institut Produkt und Markt found that 9% of the population (7,380,000 people) are vegetarian.[107]

However, the statistically representative German National Nutrition Monitoring (NEMONIT) only found there to be slightly less than 2% vegetarians in the German population in 2012.[108]

ItalyEdit

FUTURE IS VEGAN - graffiti in Turin

The Italian research institute Eurispesestimates that 10% of Italians are vegetarian and 1.1% are vegan.[30]

NetherlandsEdit

It was estimated in 2008 that 4.5% of the Dutch population does not eat meat.[109]

A study has shown that the number of vegetarians out of a population of nearly 16.5 million people increased from 560,000 in 2004 to 720,000 in 2006.[110][111] The number of "part-time vegetarians" grew rapidly as well; around 3.5 million Dutch citizens abstain from eating meat a few days a week.[111]

The sales of meat substitutes have an annual growth of around 25%, making it one of the fastest-growing markets in the Netherlands.[111] In supermarkets and stores, it is sometimes necessary to read the fine print on products in order to make sure that there are no animal-originated ingredients. Increasingly, however, vegetarian products are labeled with the international "V-label," overseen by the Dutch vegetarian association Vegetarisch Keurmerk.[112]Veganism is uncommon in the Netherlands: the Dutch Association for Veganism estimates that there are approximately 70,000 vegans in the Netherlands, or around 0.4% of the population.[113]

PolandEdit

According to a survey carried out in Poland by Mintel in 2017, 8% of respondents are vegetarian, while 7% identify themselves as vegans.[114]

The capital of Poland, Warsaw, was listed 3rd on the list of Top Vegan Cities In The World published by HappyCow in 2017.[115]

PortugalEdit

In 2007, the number of vegetarians in Portugal was estimated at 30,000, which equates to less than 0.3% of the population. In 2014, the number was estimated to be 200,000 people.[116]

Vegan and vegetarian products like soy milk, soy yogurts, rice milk and tofu are widely available in major retailers, and across the country.

RomaniaEdit

Followers of the Romanian Orthodox Church keep fast during several periods throughout the ecclesiastical calendar amounting to a majority of the year. In the Romanian Orthodox tradition, devotees keep to a diet without any animal products during these times. As a result, vegan foods are abundant in stores and restaurants; however, Romanians may not be familiar with a vegan or vegetarian diet as a full-time lifestyle choice.[117]

RussiaEdit

2013-2014 polls revealed that 3[46] to 4%[47] of the Russian population considered themselves vegetarian.[118]

SpainEdit

According to the report of «The Green Revolution», made by the Lantern consulting, 7.8% of spanish popultation over the age of 18 considers themselves as vegetarians but include some animal product or add sometimes some animal protein in its diet (Semi-vegetarian). Two third of them are women and 51.2% live in cities with +100.000 dwellers.[51]

The number of restaurants and food stores catering exclusively, or partially, to non-meat eaters and non-animal product eaters has more than doubled since 2011, with a total of 800 on record by the end of 2016, The Green Revolution claims.[119]

SwedenEdit

A 2014 survey of 1,000 people found that the number of vegetarians had increased to 10% (4% vegans and 6% vegetarians).[52] The same survey found that 17% in the age group 15-24 were vegetarians.

SwitzerlandEdit

1997 government figures suggested that 2.3% of the population never ate meat, and the observed trend seemed to point towards less meat consumption.[120] A 2007 study suggested that the percentage of vegetarians had risen to 5%.[120]

United KingdomEdit

In the United Kingdom, increasing numbers of people have adopted a vegetarian diet since the end of World War II.[121] The Food Standards AgencyPublic Attitudes to Food Survey 2009reported that 3% of respondents were found to be "completely vegetarian", with an additional 5% "partly vegetarian (do not eat some types of fish or meat)".[122] The UK's National Diet and Nutrition Survey (NDNS) reported in 2014 that its four-year study found 2.6% of adults and 1.9% of children were vegetarian.[123] The "How many vegans?" survey conducted in May 2016 by the Vegan Society found that 3.25% of UK residents were vegetarian or vegan, while 1.05% were vegan.[124]Some less formal market studies suggest that vegetarians constitute 7% to 11% of the UK adult population (4 million people).[125][126][127] There are twice as many vegetarian women as men.[127] According to Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the UK has the third highest rate of vegetarianism in the European Union.[106] Flexitarianism is also becoming more popular in the UK.[128]

Despite the clear classification by the Vegetarian Society, some people in the UK misidentify as vegetarians while still eating fish, either for perceived "health reasons", or because of differing ethical perspectives on vegetarianism, while others use the terms "flexitarian" or "part-vegetarian".[121] As of 2009, people in the UK are now also identified with the labels "meat-avoiders" and "meat-reducers" by marketers, denoting people who do not self-identify as vegetarians, but are reducing or avoiding meat for reasons of health or climate change impacts, with one survey identifying 23% of the population as "meat-reducers", and 10% as "meat-avoiders", although the same survey indicated the "vast majority" in the UK still eat meat, with one in five liking to eat meat every day.[121]

Foods labelled as suitable for vegetarians or vegans are subject to provisions within the Trades Descriptions Act 1968.[129] The Food Standards Agency issues guidance on the labelling of foods as suitable for vegetarians:

The term 'vegetarian' should not be applied to foods that are, or are made from or with the aid of, products derived from animals that have died, have been slaughtered, or animals that die as a result of being eaten. Animals means farmed, wild or domestic animals, including for example, livestock poultrygamefishshellfishcrustaceansamphibianstunicatesechinodermsmolluscs, and insects.

— Food Standards Agency[130]

The FSA's definition has now passed into European law, with legislation due in 2015[needs update].

In addition to voluntary labelling, the Vegetarian Society operates a scheme whereby foods that meet its criteria can be labelled "Vegetarian Society approved".[131] Under this scheme, a product is vegetarian if it is free of meat, fowl, fish, shellfish, meat or bone stock, animal or carcass fatsgelatinaspic, or any other ingredient resulting from slaughter, such as rennet.[132] Cheese is often labelled as well, making it possible to identify cheeses that have been made with rennet derived from non-animal sources.[133]

North AmericaEdit

CanadaEdit

In Canada, vegetarianism is usually synonymous with ovo-lacto vegetarianism. However, vegetarians are sometimes wrongly assumed to be pescetarians or pollotarians. Approximately 4.0% of adults were vegetarians as of 2003.[134]

United StatesEdit

In 1971, 1 percent of U.S. citizens described themselves as vegetarians.[135] In 2008 Harris Interactive found that 3.2% are vegetarian and 0.5% vegan.[136] U.S. vegetarian food sales (dairy replacements such as soy milk and meat replacements such as textured vegetable protein) doubled between 1998 and 2003, reaching $1.6 billion in 2003.[137]

According to a report in 2017, the number of consumers claiming to be vegan has risen to 6% in the US.[138] In 2015, a Harris Poll National Survey of 2,017 adults aged 18 and over found that eight million Americans, or 3.4%, ate a solely vegetarian diet, and that one million, or 0.4%, ate a strictly vegan diet.[139]

Many American children whose parents follow vegetarian diets follow them because of religious, environmental or other reasons.[140] In the government's first estimate[141] of how many children avoid meat, the number is about 1 in 200.[142][143] The CDC survey included children ages 0 to 17 years.

By U.S. law, food packaging is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration, and generally must be labeled with a list of all its ingredients.[144][145] However, there are exceptions. For example, certain trace ingredients that are "ingredients of ingredients" do not need to be listed.[146]

MexicoEdit

According to a Nielsen survey from 2016, Mexico is the country with the highest number of vegans (9%) and vegetarians (19%) in Latin America.[147]There are hundreds of vegan & vegetarian restaurants across the country. [148]

OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

In Australia, some manufacturers who target the vegetarian market label their foods with the statement "suitable for vegetarians"; however, for foods intended for export to the UK, this labelling can be inconsistent because flavourings in ingredients lists do not need to specify if they come from animal origin. As such, "natural flavour" could be derived from either plant or animal sources.

Animal rights organisations such as Animal Liberation promote vegan and vegetarian diets. "Vegetarian Week" runs from 1–7 October every year,[149]and food companies are taking advantage of the growing number of vegetarians by producing meat-free alternatives of popular dishes, including sausages and mash and spaghetti Bolognese.[150]

A 2000 Newspoll survey (commissioned by Sanitarium) shows 44% of Australians report eating at least one meat-free evening meal a week, while 18% said they prefer plant-based meals.

According to a 2010 Newspoll survey, 5% of Australians identify themselves as vegetarians, with 2% actually eating a diet defined by the survey as vegetarian.[151]

Roy Morgan Research in August 2016 reported, "Between 2012 and 2016, the number of Australian adults whose diet is all or almost all vegetarian has risen from 1.7 million people (or 9.7% of the population) to almost 2.1 million (11.2%), the latest findings from Roy Morgan Research reveal."[152]

New ZealandEdit

Similar to Australia, in New Zealand the term "vegetarian" refers to individuals who eat no animal meat such as pork, chicken, and fish; they may consume animal products such as milk and eggs. In contrast, the term "vegan" is used to describe those who do not eat or use any by-products of animals.[153] In 2002 New Zealand's vegetarians made up a minority of 1-2% of the country's 4.5 million people.[154] By 2011 Roy Morgan Research claimed the number of New Zealanders eating an "all or almost all" vegetarian diet to be 8.1%, growing to 10.3% in 2015 (with men providing the most growth, up 63% from 5.7% to 9.3%).[40] In New Zealand there is a strong enough movement for vegetarianism that it has created significant enough demand for a number of vegetarian and vegan retailers to set up.[155]

As New Zealand and Australia work together to form common food standards (as seen in the Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) and the Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code), there is also a lot of ambiguity surrounding the "natural flavour" ingredients.[156]

South AmericaEdit

According to a Nielsen survey on Food preferences from 2016, vegetarians make up 8% and vegans 4% of the population across Latin America. [157]Across the continent there are thousands of Vegan & Vegetarian restaurants. [158]

BrazilEdit

In 2004, Marly Winckler, President of the Brazilian Vegetarian Society, claimed that 5% of the population was vegetarian.[159] According to a 2012 survey undertaken by the Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics, 8% of the population, or 15.2 million people, identified themselves as vegetarian.[160] The city of São Paulohad the most vegetarians in absolute terms (792,120 people), while Fortalezahad the highest percentage, at 14% of the total population.[161] A new survey undertaken by the Brazilian Institute of Public Opinion and Statistics in 2018 showed that the proportion of the population identifying as vegetarian raised to 14% (a 75% increase relative to 2012), representing 29 million people.[162]

Marly Winckler claims that the central reasons for the deforestation of the Amazon are expansive livestock raising(mainly cattle) and soybean crops, most of it for use as animal feed, and a minor percentage for edible oil processing (being direct human consumption for use as food nearly negligible),[163]claims that are widely known to have a basis.[164][165][166][167]

As in Canada, vegetarianismo(Portuguese pronunciation: [veʒiˌtaɾjɐ̃ˈnizmu]) is usually synonymous with lacto-ovo-vegetarianism, and vegetarians are sometimes wrongly assumed to be pescetarians and/or pollotarians who tolerate the flesh of fish or poultry, respectively. Nevertheless, veganism, and freeganism, have now become mainstream in the country, being present in nearly every family.[168]Brazilian vegetarians reportedly tend to be urban, of middle or upper class[159]and live in the Central-Southern half of the country. Since the 1990s, and especially since the 2010s, hundreds of vegan and vegetarian restaurants have appeared in many cities like São PauloBrasíliaRio de JaneiroCuritibaPorto AlegreBelo HorizonteRecifeFlorianópolisCampinasJoão PessoaCaxias do SulSalvadorSorocabaSanto AndréFortalezaSão Caetano do Sul and Ubatuba.[169]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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